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Probing the Chemical Characteristics of P2NP: Insights into its Structure and Reactivity


Phenyl-2-nitropropene (P2NP) is a key intermediate in the synthesis of various organic compounds, including pharmaceuticals, fragrances, and dyes. Understanding its chemical properties is essential for optimizing its synthesis methods and exploring its diverse applications in organic chemistry.

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Chemical Identity:

  • Chemical Name: Phenyl-2-nitropropene (P2NP)
  • Molecular Formula: C9H9NO2
  • Chemical Structure:
  • Synonyms: 1-phenyl-2-nitropropene, 1-phenyl-2-nitro-1-propene, 2-nitro-1-phenylpropene

Physical Properties:

  • Appearance: P2NP typically appears as a pale yellow to brownish crystalline solid.
  • Melting Point: The melting point of P2NP falls within the range of approximately 64-68°C.
  • Boiling Point: P2NP decomposes upon heating, and a precise boiling point is challenging to determine.
  • Solubility: It is sparingly soluble in water but dissolves readily in organic solvents such as ethanol, acetone, and ether.

Chemical Properties:

  • Stability: P2NP is relatively stable under ambient conditions but may undergo decomposition upon exposure to heat, light, or strong acids.
  • Reactivity: It participates in various chemical reactions, including reduction, oxidation, and nucleophilic addition reactions.
  • Functional Groups: P2NP contains a nitro group (-NO2) and an alkene moiety, imparting distinct reactivity to the molecule.

Synthetic Applications:

  • Organic Synthesis: P2NP serves as a versatile intermediate in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and fine chemicals.
  • Research and Development: Chemists utilize P2NP in laboratory settings for exploring new synthetic routes and developing novel compounds with desired properties.

Safety Considerations:

  • Toxicity: P2NP is considered moderately toxic, and proper handling procedures should be followed to minimize exposure risks.
  • Environmental Impact: Disposal of P2NP-containing waste should be managed in accordance with environmental regulations to prevent adverse effects on ecosystems.


Phenyl-2-nitropropene (P2NP) occupies a crucial position in organic synthesis, offering a versatile platform for the preparation of diverse chemical compounds. Its unique chemical properties and reactivity make it a valuable building block in pharmaceutical and chemical industries. Further research into its synthesis methods and applications is warranted to unlock its full potential in synthetic chemistry.

Information for preparing this article was taken from the site: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenyl-2-nitropropene

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